Only in three countries, do the Amerindians make up the majority of the population. In the rest of the continent, most of the Native American descendants are of mixed race ancestry.
In the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries there was a flow of Iberian emigrants who left for Latin America.
It commonly applies to countries once colonized by the Spanish Empire in the Americas (see Spanish colonization of the Americas) and Asia, particularly the countries of Latin America and the Philippines.In the northern provinces near Bolivia, Aymará Indians have been able to preserve many aspects of their Andean culture.In the southern region the Mapuche Indians are a large cultural group who strongly contributed to the formation of Chilean culture.It could be argued that the term should apply to all Spanish-speaking cultures or countries, as the historical roots of the word specifically pertain to the Iberian region.It is difficult to label a nation or culture with one term, such as Hispanic, as the ethnicities, customs, traditions, and art forms (music, literature, dress, culture, cuisine, and others) vary greatly by country and region. There exist different explanations about the origins of the name "Chile." The most accepted one is that it is derived from the native Aymará word chilli meaning "the land where the earth ends." Chile is considered to be one of the most homogeneous nations of Latin America in both ethnic and cultural terms.In contrast to many other Latin American nations, Chile has not experienced the emergence of strong regionalism or conflicting regional cultural identities.A prime example of Hispanic influence is found at historic Old Town, where adobe buildings surround a central plaza, a common feature of Spanish colonial towns.Anchoring the plaza is the San Felipe de Neri church.Hispanic culture and customs to our city is in a wide variety of arts and crafts.In Albuquerque's founding days, many artworks were created primarily for the church.